Pedodontics, alias Child Dentistry, is the department aiming at protecting health of milk teeth and permanent teeth of children of 0-14 age group and treating diseases to occur. All required dental treatments are applied on healthy children and children with disabilities by pedodontist. Treatment is applied often by general anesthesia in children, whose treatments will continue for a long time, and children with growth retardation especially in terms of teeth treatments of children under four years old. Excellent oral and dental health of children may be provide by dentit control performed regularly semi-annually. Any problems threatening oral and dental health during these controls may be detected. The facts, which are important here, are early diagnosis and treatment of these problems. Early diagnosis in child patient will affect physical and emotional growth of the child in a positive way. The first examination in child patient starts by communicating with bıth the child and the parents of the child. Medical and dental histories of the patient are learnt after meeting. Afterwards, clinical and radiographic examination starts. The patient and the related family members are informed about the diagnosis and treatment planning after these stages. The doctors apply many methods to protect from main oral diseases such as milk factor and decayed permanent teeth and periodontal diseases.

Diagnosis methods
Fluoride treatments accepted as the most efficient treatment method in preventive dentistry may be applied in treatments of sensitivity in teeth and erosion of healthy individuals and patients prone to tooth decay and in individuals with systematic disorder, who are in need of special care. Applications are performed in frequency and amounts determined according to age and decay formation risk of the individual.

Treatment methods
Indentations and dentations on the chewing surfaces of grinder teeth anatomically form regions for the foods to adhere. Fissure sealants cover these surfaces on teeth and help to form a surface to decrease holding of foods and to ease brushing. It is known that decrease is substantially seen in decay formation after the clinical applications.